COVID-19 spreads faster than infections. The COVID-19 has arrived in Spain with eight cases, all “imported” from Italy. Still, pharmacies have run out of masks, and disinfectant gels are flying off the shelves.
The WHO and the Ministry of Health update their recommendations daily. So that the information can cope with fear, these are the answers to the main questions and their advice.
What are the symptoms of COVID-19?
The most common symptoms include fever, cough, and feeling short of breath. In some cases, there may also be digestive symptoms like diarrhea and abdominal pain.
In more severe cases, the infection can cause pneumonia, harsh difficulty breathing, kidney failure, and even death.
The most severe cases generally occur in older adults or those who suffer from other diseases such as heart, lung, or immunity problems.
How is it spread?
The transmission of COVID-19 would be through contact with infected animals or close contact with respiratory secretions generated by a sick person’s cough or sneeze.
These secretions will infect another person if they come in contact with their nose, eyes, or mouth. For infection to occur, direct contact of these respiratory secretions with the mucosa of another person (nose, mouth, eyes) would be required.
Transmission by air over distances greater than one or two meters seems unlikely.
What can I do to protect myself?
- Generic individual measures of protection against respiratory diseases include frequent hand hygiene (washing with soap and water or alcoholic solutions).
- After direct contact with sick people or their environment.
- Avoid close contact with people who show signs of a respiratory condition, such as a cough or sneeze.
- Keep a distance of approximately one meter with people with symptoms of acute respiratory infection.
- Cover your mouth and nose with tissue paper or cough or sneeze and wash your hands. These measures, in addition, protect against frequent illnesses like the flu.
There are no special precautions to take with animals in Spain, or with food, to avoid this infection.
Should I wear a mask?
The WHO recommends that a mask should only be used if respiratory symptoms occur, if there is a suspicion of infection with mild symptoms, or if you are in contact with someone who could be infected.
The director of Public Health of the World Health Organization, María Neira, has assured that “it is irrational and disproportionate” that masks and disinfectant gels are exhausted in pharmacies for fear of the coronavirus.
He explained that the use of masks is for health personnel and has appealed for their application to be avoided in an “irrational” manner.
What are the risk areas? Community transmission currently exists in mainland China, Singapore, Hong Kong, Japan, South Korea, Iran, and Italy (Lombardy, Veneto, Emilia-Romagna, and Piedmont regions).
Depending on the evolution of the situation, the risk areas may vary.
What do I have to do if I have returned from risk areas?
(China, Italy, others)People who return from a risk zone
And who is in good health can lead a healthy life, with family, with friends and, in general, in school and work.
If in the 14 days after returning from the trip, they develop respiratory symptoms (fever, cough, and feelings of shortness of breath).
They should stay at home and contact the health services by phone at 112. The health services will assess their state of health and travel history and possible contact with coronavirus cases.
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What do I have to do if I go to Italy?
The place where the outbreak is suspected of having started and where community transmission of the infection has been observed is in the Lombardy region.
Later, new cases have been reported in three other regions (Veneto, Emilia-Romagna, and Piedmont). The World Health Organization does not recommend any restrictions on travel or trade with Italy.
The Ministry of Health updates its recommendations to travelers on the web, which includes specific guidance on the new COVID-19. The same measures on travel to China apply to regions of Italy where there is community transmission:
https://www.mscbs.gob.es/profesionales/saludPublica/sanidadExterior/salud/home.htmIt is recommended to avoid close contact with sick people (keep at least a distance of 1 meter) with people who may suffer acute respiratory infections, cough, sneeze or expectoration.
Do not share your personal belongings.
Good personal hygiene must be maintained: frequent hand washing, especially after direct contact with sick people or their surroundings. Avoid consuming undercooked or raw animal products.
Due to seasonal influenza activity in the Northern Hemisphere. And by national recommendations, travelers for whom it is indicated should receive the seasonal influenza vaccine at least two weeks before travel.
If the trip is for work, the health area of the company’s prevention service will assess the specific risk of the trip and possible contact with cases of coronavirus.
And it will provide the appropriate recommendations, following the guidelines and recommendations formulated by the authorities. Sanitary.
Are there any special measures on goods have received from risk areas?
The European Commission has not adopted any additional measures about the proper controls. That has carried out on various goods for human use.
Therefore, for the time being, the same recommendations will continue to apply as up to now, with no specific restrictions or suggestions regarding the movement of goods.
What is quarantine, and what role does it play in preventing COVID-19?
It is the separation and restriction of movements that have imposed on a person who may have been in contact with a source of infection.
The objective of the quarantine is to ensure that if the person has been infected. And they do not transmit the infection to others.
Quarantining only makes sense for those diseases that can be transmitted during the asymptomatic period. And which is before the person shows symptoms of the disease.
Other similar viruses, such as the coronavirus, which causes SARS, were only transmissible after the onset of symptoms.
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