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Coronavirus : The Complete Guide (2020)


How dangerous is that?

Most people infected with the new Coronavirus will probably have a very mild disease, the Public Health Institute points out.

What will you do if you find yourself with the symptoms of COVID-19?

  • Most: The vast majority of people infected with the Coronavirus and the disease COVID-19 will, according to the Institute of Public Health, get respiratory infections. This mild disease will pass by itself.
  • Others may have more severe pneumonia disease. Older people and people with, for example, high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, or underlying chronic illnesses. It should be more likely to become seriously ill if they are first infected. 
  • FHI points out that most people who have died from COVID-19 disease have been both old and seriously ill before.
  • Mortality: Since it is a new virus, no one has the full statistics. But a study of 44,672 corona-infected in China shows a 2.3 percent mortality rate. Or 0.9 percent.
  • If you ignore people with pre-existing illnesses such as cancer, diabetes, or cardiovascular disease, FHI pointed out that on Friday, February 28, the global average mortality rate was 3.4 percent.
  • In other words, the Coronavirus has a far lower mortality rate than the 2003 SARS virus (10 percent) and a significantly lower mortality rate than the MERS virus (around 35 percent).
  •  And if we compare with Ebola (mortality of 40 to 90 percent), the mortality rate is meager.

These are the symptoms

  • Fever is a common symptom of infection
  • According to FHI, sore throats have been reported in people with mild illness
  • Many people diagnosed with pneumonia. 
  • But not everyone should test themselves if they have symptoms, FHI points out.

Do you suspect infection?

The Institute of Public Health recommends that people contact a physician by phone if they have symptoms and have been in one of these situations:

  •  These areas are mainland China, Hong Kong, Singapore, Japan, Iran, South Korea, and the Lombardy, Piedmont, Emilia-Romagna, and Veneto regions of Italy.
  • The last 14 days in close contact with someone who has confirmed to get an infection.
  • They must have nursed/treated a patient, handled sample material from or otherwise had similar close contact with a person who is confirmed sick with coronavirus infection.
  • Do not go to the general practitioner, the hospital, or the emergency room if you suspect a coronary infection. However, the Institute of Public Health says that you should:
  • Call your GP
  • Call emergency room

This is how the virus gets infected.

The new Coronavirus infects in the same way as colds and flu, through drop and contact infection.

 The public health charity operates at an infectious rate of around two – that is, an infected person gives rise to two new infected ones if no measures are taken. It infects:

  • It can spread through the air. For instance, by a sick person coughing and sneezing and you breathe in the virus, or it comes into contact with the mucosa of the eyes, nose, or mouth.
  • Also, through direct contact, if a sick person has the virus on their hands and has physical contact with others.
  • And It can be spread from objects. The virus can also be transmitted indirectly if, for example, a sick person has coughed up inventory or has the virus on his hands and touches objects.
  • According to the European Infection Protection Agency, it is unclear how long the virus will survive on objects, such as a door handle or a cart. 
  • The European Infection Protection Agency writes that “research suggests that coronaviruses can survive on surfaces for a few hours or up to several days.” 
  • However, the type of surface, temperature, and moisture can affect how long it survives.

How to protect yourself

The public health institute’s main tip is that good cough, and hand hygiene reduce the risk of getting respiratory tract infections – and also the Coronavirus.

It is the first and most important measure.

  • Whenever possible, you should keep at least a one-meter distance for people with respiratory symptoms.
  • Good hand hygiene is essential. Wash your hands frequently and thoroughly with soap and lukewarm water, especially if you have been out with people.
  • Antibac, i.e., hand disinfection, is an option if you cannot wash your hands.
  • The Public Health Institute does not recommend mouth washing for healthy persons. “People who use mouthwash more often come to the face, which can increase the risk of infection,” the Institute of Public Health points out.
  • They recommend anyone who coughs to cough or sneeze into a paper and throw it right in a garbage bag after use. If you do not have paper, the alternative is to cough into the elbow – never in your hands.

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Read our next related article: COVID-19 FAQ




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